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Manual of wise management, preservation, reuse and economic valorisation of architecture of the totalitarian regimes of the XXth century

The Manual of Wise Management, Preservation, Reuse and Economic Valorisation of Architecture of the Totalitarian Regimes of the XXth Century (short name: Manual) is intended as one of the key results and outputs of the ATRIUM project.  Though this article is written within the process of its preparation, it can be said that the structure of the manual is clarified through the stages of its preparation up to now.

The Manual represents an up-grade of the ATRIUM survey, where some case studies have been identified. It opens the discussion about what to do with those and other potential cases, how to deal with them, how to develop visions, concepts and systems for their management options.  As the ATRIUM partnership structure is composed from a wide variety of partner types, their cultural and political concepts, their ideas about the architectural heritage dealt with, and their ideas about their potential management, the manual first needs to address this variety, and second, it needs to reflect it within the guidelines produced.  If one partner is most concerned about how to 'sell' this type of heritage, already accepted in general and professional public, the other faces the problem of destructive forces in its context, and needs to use this Manual for educational purposes first.  Addressing the diversity of needs within the partnership is one of the key goals of this Manual preparation. The Manual thus starts with the definition of context, approaches, methods and criteria, related to the topic discussed. The context is illustrated through history, interpretation issues and terminology: it describes Europe in the period of totalitarianism, questions of interpreting the heritage of totalitarian regimes and adds a glossary of key terms.

The practical part of the Manual is composed from the meta-projects and feasibility studies of the partnership involved, developed from the case studies of the ATRIUM survey. Not only best practices, also some challenging examples are chosen to illustrate the potential of the variety within the ATRIUM project.

The core of the Manual offers a series of guidelines. It starts with interpretation guidelines, continues with guidelines for preservation, renovation and reuse of the architectural heritage dealt with, and focuses on management guidelines. It answers the question about how to develop the management vision when the management topic is very sensitive or challenging, how to develop the system of organizing places and paths,

how to develop the concept and strategy, how to prepare its digital support system and how to arrange its structure for monitoring and evaluation. Last but not least, the economic potentials of the architecture of totalitarian regimes of the XXth century are exposed and some words about the future discussed.

The Manual is addressed to a wide variety of target groups, from scientific and professional communities to policy makers. To achieve its usability in both research and daily practice, the process of its preparation involves research centres and universities, developing interdisciplinary groups of study, building on all the partner inputs available. It establishes a meta-platform for education and research in the field discussed an interface for interdisciplinary discussions.



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